Renew DirectAccess Self-Signed Certificates

Renew DirectAccess Self-Signed CertificatesWhen DirectAccess is deployed using the Getting Started Wizard (GSW), sometimes referred to as the “simplified deployment” method, self-signed certificates are created during the installation and used for the IP-HTTPS IPv6 transition technology, the Network Location Server (NLS), and for RADIUS secret encryption.

Renew DirectAccess Self-Signed Certificates

Certificate Expiration

These self-signed certificates expire 5 years after they are created, which means many DirectAccess administrators who have used this deployment option will need to renew these certificates at some point in the future. Unfortunately, there’s no published guidance from Microsoft on how to accomplish this. However, the process is simple enough using PowerShell and the New-SelfSignedCertificate cmdlet.

PowerShell Script

Open an elevated PowerShell command window and run the following commands to renew the DirectAccess self-signed certificates.

# // Clone and install IP-HTTPS certificate

$iphttpscert = (Get-ChildItem -Path Cert:\LocalMachine\My\ | Where-Object Thumbprint -eq ((Get-RemoteAccess).SslCertificate | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Thumbprint))
$newcert = New-SelfSignedCertificate -CloneCert $iphttpscert -FriendlyName “DirectAccess-IPHTTPS” | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Thumbprint
$cert = (Get-ChildItem -Path Cert:\LocalMachine\My\ | Where-Object Thumbprint -eq $newcert)
Set-RemoteAccess -SslCertificate $cert -PassThru

# // Clone and install NLS certificate

$nlscert = (Get-ChildItem -Path Cert:\LocalMachine\My\ | Where-Object Thumbprint -eq ((Get-RemoteAccess).NlsCertificate | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Thumbprint))
$newcert = New-SelfSignedCertificate -CloneCert $nlscert -FriendlyName “DirectAccess-NLS” | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Thumbprint
$cert = (Get-ChildItem -Path Cert:\LocalMachine\My\ | Where-Object Thumbprint -eq $newcert)
Set-DANetworkLocationServer -NLSOnDAServer -Certificate $cert

# // Clone RADIUS encryption certificate

$cert = (Get-ChildItem -Path Cert:\LocalMachine\My\ | Where-Object Subject -like “*radius-encrypt*”)
New-SelfSignedCertificate -CloneCert $cert -FriendlyName “Certificate issued by Remote Access for RADIUS shared secrets”

Script on GitHub

I’ve also published this script on GitHub. You can download Renew-DaSelfSignedCertificates.ps1 here.

Important Considerations

When the IP-HTTPS and NLS scripts above are executed, DirectAccess clients outside will be immediately disconnected and will be unable to reconnect until they update group policy (the RADIUS encryption certificate can be updated without impacting users). This will require connecting to the internal network locally or remotely using another VPN solution. In addition, internal clients that are not online when this change is made will be unable to access internal resources by name until they update group policy. If this happens, delete the Name Resolution Policy Table (NRPT) on the client using the following PowerShell command and reboot to restore connectivity.

Get-Item -Path “HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\DNSClient\DnsPolicyConfig” | Remove-Item -Confirm:$false

Additional Information

PowerShell Recommended Reading for DirectAccess Administrators

Top 5 DirectAccess Troubleshooting PowerShell Commands

 

Always On VPN and DirectAccess Scripts and Sample Files on GitHub

Always On VPN and DirectAccess Scripts and Sample Files on GitHubIf you’re looking for specialized configuration scripts for Windows 10 Always On VPN, Windows Server Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS), or DirectAccess then have a look at my GitHub page! There I’ve uploaded a few tools I’ve created (with the help of my good friend Jeff Hicks!) along with some sample ProfileXML files. Here’s a sample of what you’ll find there today.

Always On VPN

This repository includes PowerShell scripts and sample ProfileXML files used for configuring Windows 10 Always On VPN. These scripts have been adopted from those provided by Microsoft and modified to work with a separate XML file. These scripts can be used for local testing and for deploying Always On VPN connections using System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM). The ProfileXML files can be helpful for those administrators looking for real world configuration examples.

https://github.com/richardhicks/aovpn

SstpOffload

This repository includes a PowerShell script to enable TLS offload for Windows Server RRAS Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol (SSTP) VPN connections when the public SSL certificate can’t be installed on the RRAS server. TLS offload for SSTP can be enabled in scenarios where better security, performance, and scalability are desired.

https://github.com/richardhicks/sstpoffload

DirectAccess

This repository includes the PowerShell script Move-DaInboxAccountingDatabase which can be used to move the DirectAccess inbox accounting database files. The default location of the database files is on the C: drive, and many administrators have encountered disk space issues, especially in large scale deployments. This script will relocate the database files to the location of your choice.

https://github.com/richardhicks/directaccess

More to Come!

Be sure to check my GitHub site for more PowerShell script and sample files on a regular basis. Or better yet, give me a follow! I’ll be sure to post more as time goes on. In addition, I’ll be going through my older articles where I’ve provided PowerShell code samples and will include them in the repository too.

Standard Disclaimer

All the sample files and PowerShell scripts I’ve shared on GitHub are provided as-is. Although they’ve been thoroughly tested, I can’t be certain I’ve accommodated every deployment scenario. Please use caution when running these scripts on production machines.

Additional Information

Always On VPN Hands-On Training Classes 2019

Jeff Hicks’ Blog

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